The 16 personality test is generally based on the personality indicator developed by Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers. Their development of the test occurred in the 1940’s and was built upon psychological research performed by Carl Jung from the 1920’s.
The type test is based on a series of questions that gather information on how a person usually responds or relates to various situations. The answers to these questions are calculated to determine the person’s individual personality type. Important insights can be gained by understanding personality type, such as optimal career choice, better romantic partnerships, stronger relationships with family and friends, and find paths to personal growth and life purpose.
Tests that draw on the method by Briggs and Myers sort people into 16 different personality types which are organized by four pairs of opposite traits.
- Extroversion (E) and Introversion (I);
- Sensing (S) and Intuition (N);
- Thinking (T) and Feeling (F);
- Judging (J) and Perceiving (P).
One of each pair is combined to create a 4-letter abbreviation for each personality type, such as:
- ESFP: extroversion (E), sensing (S), feeling (F), perception (P); or
- INTJ: introversion (I), intuition (N), thinking (T), judgment (J).
These personality traits are grouped into four categories that describe the way in which a person interacts with the world. Everyone experiences both traits in each pair, but usually one is more dominant than the other in the 16 personality test.
Details on each letter abbreviation
Extroversion (E): Extroverts are energized when in the company of other people, unlike Introverts who are usually reserved, quiet, and prefer to be by themselves. Extroverts like speaking their minds and thrive in social situations. They are usually popular and well-liked by other people. Extroverts may feel down and become drained if they’re not in the company of others for too long.
Introversion (I): Introverted people are quiet, reserved, and more comfortable being alone than an Extroverted person. Introverts prefer to rely on themselves for entertainment rather than seeking interaction or stimulation from others. They are usually self-sufficient and would rather work alone than in a group. Socializing drains an Introvert’s energy, and they need alone time to recharge. Because of this they put less emphasis on socializing and social skills than an extrovert would.
Sensing (S): Sensing individuals place great emphasis on what they see, touch and experience in the real world, unlike Intuitive people who would rather live in their imaginations. Prioritizing facts and practicality, those with a Sensing character are outward-looking and prefer not to deal with philosophical ideas or introspective ponderings. They would rather focus on what they can concretely experience with their senses.
Intuition (N): Intuitive individuals put emphasis on imagination and ideas, rather than what is actually in front of them. They tend to prioritize introspection and dreaming, and oftentimes feel like they do not belong or live in the real world. Unlike Sensing individuals, who enjoy seeing, touching and experiencing the world, intuitive people are inward-focused and prefer living in their own heads. While Sensing people like facts and practicality, Intuitive individuals tend to lean towards allusions, read between the lines, and analyze things at greater depth.
Thinking (T): Thinking individuals are objective, rational, and logical. Their decisions and actions are usually governed more by their minds than by their hearts. Many people often judge Thinking people as lacking emotion, but that is not true. They can be just as emotional and sensitive as the Feeling group, but feelings are not their main priority, and they can hide their emotions or prevent them from coming to the surface. They prioritize facts over feelings.
Feeling (F): Individuals with the Feeling trait care more about emotions and expressing them than what is deemed rational or logical. However, this does not mean that Feeling types are irrational; it only means that those with this trait are more likely to express their emotions, as compared to Thinking individuals who prefer to suppress their emotions. Those who focus on feelings and expressions of emotion tend to be more open-minded, vocal, empathetic, and sensitive.
Judging (J): Those with the Judging trait tend to plan before they act. They’d prefer a thought-out plan over going with the flow. They are organized, reliable, responsible, and have very good work ethics. They are always prepared, armed with checklists and contingency plans. They are likely to commit to future plans, but may forget to live in the present.
Perceiving (P): People who have the Perceiving trait rather than the Judging trait value their sense of freedom. They do not want to be tied down to a specific activity or commitment if they think there is something better that is worthy of their time. They are excellent in spotting new opportunities, and they grab them whenever they can. They are good with improvisation, even in emergency situations. They take life as it comes and feel stifled if forced to stick to a schedule.
Original Results (2015)
The first time I ever took this test was in 2015. My result was ESTJ-A, which is an Executive. Executives are representatives of tradition and order, utilizing their understanding of what is right, wrong and socially acceptable to bring families and communities together. Embracing the values of honesty, dedication and dignity, people with the Executive personality type are valued for their clear advice and guidance, and they happily lead the way on difficult paths. Taking pride in bringing people together, Executives often take on roles as community organizers, working hard to bring everyone together in celebration of cherished local events, or in defense of the traditional values that hold families and communities together. For details, visit here.
Getting this result made so much sense to me. It was a perfect fit. At the time, I was in college and I was very involved with on campus. I was a full time student, working full time and an active member in 3 or more student organizations, usually holding 2 executive board positions each year. I took pride in being a part of my community and helping others to fit in, find opportunities, and be active in using the resources provided on campus. I was definitely an Executive in my own right.
Second Test Results (2017)
As I developed in my leadership style and finding my way after college, I became more aware of the realities of the world around me. I didn’t have a job when I graduated with my B.A. in December of 2016. I wasn’t sure where life would take me. I worked a few dead end jobs until I found a position in my field as a Marketing Assistant. Having that job made me realize my niche and I loved it. After noticing the changes in myself and how my confidence was boosted and my views changed, I decided to take the test again; my result was ENTJ-A. This personality type was abbreviated similarly to the Executive (ESTJ-A) but the change in sensing (s) to intuition (n) made a difference. My improved confidence and level of practicality turned me into a Commander.
Commanders are natural-born leaders. People with this personality type embody the gifts of charisma and confidence, and project authority in a way that draws crowds together behind a common goal. However, Commanders are also characterized by an often ruthless level of rationality, using their drive, determination and sharp minds to achieve whatever end they’ve set for themselves. Perhaps it is best that they make up only three percent of the population, lest they overwhelm the more timid and sensitive personality types that make up much of the rest of the world – but we have Commanders to thank for many of the businesses and institutions we take for granted every day. View details, here.
Most Recent Results (2018)
In 2018, I made a career switch from marketing to legal. I started working as a legal assistant for a civil litigation firm and I loved it. I thought I had found my passion with writing and journalism but there was something about working in the legal field that made me light up inside. It was a new position, in a new place but it felt like home. It felt like what I was meant to be doing.
As I got settled into the job, I found myself spending more time actually getting to know my coworkers and building relationships with them, as well as, using those interactions to learn about the legal field and how things are done. I started becoming more dependent on the team dynamic at the firm. I was putting into practice what I learned in college all those years ago about the importance of having a strong team dynamic that can help to teach, assist, and work together on projects. I had worked in teams and groups before but marketing and journalism are more independent based fields where only one person is doing their own work and submitting that work for publication. There weren’t usually multiple people working on the same project like there is a team of lawyers and paralegals writing, serving and filing motion papers and otherwise.
I began to wonder if this service style of leadership based on my need and requirement to assist others in doing their best had changed my personality type; and it did. I am now what is called a Consul.
People who share the Consul personality type are, for lack of a better word, popular – which makes sense, given that it is also a very common personality type, making up twelve percent of the population. In high school, Consuls are the cheerleaders and the quarterbacks, setting the tone, taking the spotlight and leading their teams forward to victory and fame. Later in life, Consuls continue to enjoy supporting their friends and loved ones, organizing social gatherings and doing their best to make sure everyone is happy. When it comes to the workplace, Consuls have clear tendencies that show through regardless of their position.
People with the Consul personality type thrive on social order and harmony, and use their warmth and social intelligence to make sure that each person knows their responsibilities and is able to get done what needs to get done. Consuls are comfortable, even dependent on clear hierarchies and roles, and whether subordinates, colleagues or managers, Consul personalities expect authority to be respected and backed up by rules and standards. Read more details, here.
I can’t wait to see what leadership style I’ll develop into next. As long as I keep improving, learning new things and do my best to be my best, I’m happy and I’m grateful for what is yet to come.
To take your test, visit https://www.16personalities.com/free-personality-test